Amazon Web Services (AWS) offers a suite of cloud computingservices that make up an on-demand computing platform.
The below Video will Guide You How to Setup AWS for free – A detailed tutorial
Here are some of the highlighted features of AWS:
Easy to use
AWS is designed to allow application providers, ISVs, and vendors to quickly and securely host your applications
AWS enables you to select the operating system, programming language, web application platform, database, and other services you need.
You pay only for the compute power, storage, and other resources you use, with no long-term contracts or up-front commitments.
With Amazon Web Services, you take advantage of a scalable, reliable, and secure global computing infrastructure, the virtual backbone of Amazon.com’s multi-billion dollar online business that has been honed for over a decade.
Scalable and high-performance
Using AWS tools, Auto Scaling, and Elastic Load Balancing, your application can scale up or down based on demand. Backed by Amazon’s massive infrastructure, you have access to compute and storage resources when you need them.
AWS utilizes an end-to-end approach to secure and harden our infrastructure, including physical, operational, and software measures. For more information, see the AWS Security Center.
A website’s page load time plays an important role in customer acquisition. Google states that if your website takes more than 3 seconds to load, over half of the visitors will leave it. Eventually, it leads to conversion and profits. Although there are online tools available to check your website loading time and performance (Lighthouse, for instance), it’s important to understand what affects your website’s page load time. You can then optimize your web page accordingly.
8 Factors that affect the page load time
#1 Web hosting
Today, no one would like to wait for a website to spin and load at its speed. Websites that load quickly perform more in user engagement, conversion rates, and user experience. Hence, it is very important to have a high-availability web hosting plans.
#2 Size of files
The page speed always depends on the size of the assets loaded on the browser. It is, therefore, good to have an optimum number of assets with the least possible file size. This will require lesser bandwidth.
#3 Number of HTTP requests
Greater the number of HTTP requests from a browser to server/server to server, the higher will be the bandwidth consumption. Therefore, keep the number of HTTP requests to the minimum possible.
#4 Absence of CDN
Using CDN will boost the performance of the web site. The absence of it will affect the load time. CDN is a content delivery/distribution network. It is a network of proxy servers and their data centres distributed across the globe to increase the performance and availability of services to the end-users.
#5 Mediocre coding
Bad coding will always affect the page performance and SEO ranking of the website. It is good to follow best practices starting from the initial stage of development.
#6 The number of redirections
The number of redirections impacts the DNS lookup time.
#7 Lack of Keep-Alive
If you’re using HTTP/1.0 protocol and have not configured Keep-Alive, then there’s a higher possibility that the browser to server connection will break. It will not load the page properly.
Sourcing page content from other sites might affect the load time and performance of your website.
You can implement either bottom-up or top-down strategy for website optimization (discussed later). However, website optimization is an iterative process and you can repeat the following loop after completing a cycle.
Ideas: Prepare a checklist of all the possible strategies for the target website to optimize.
Prioritize: Prioritize the prepared checklist strategies and act on them.
Test: Test the applied strategies for enhanced performance.
Analyze: Analyze the impact and performance of the website and check if any further strategies are required.
Optimize: For further enhancement, perform the cycle again until you achieve the best.
#1 Bottom-up strategy
This strategy starts from planning to production (Proactive). It defines a set of rules and actions before/while starting the actual development.
The above infographic represents the lifecycle of Bottom-Up strategy in web page optimization.
#2 Top-down strategy
It is a reactive method, which analyses the existing process to find the issue/lag, then reworks on behavioural grounds to accomplish the target. It is a reverse engineering process to identify the performance-issue gap and methods to fix them.
You can identify the resources which are affecting in maximum page load by considering the following-
Once you’ve identified the sources, lay down the process of optimizing the content and keep iterating to achieve the desired results.
Basic checklist for both bottom-up and top-down strategies
Layout performance principles
Page load time
Minimizing the number of requests
Use Cache headers
Minify CSS and JS contents
Use CSS sprites
Encourage Lazy loading on contents wherever possible
Avoid iframes and redirects
Executive performance principles
During application design
During application development
Consider the following aspects during the design and development phase.
#1 Application design optimizations
Simple & lightweight: Include only key functionalities on load to keep it lightweight.
Client side components: Adopt client side validation to catch errors.
On demand data loading: Use on-demand data instead of pre-loaded data. (E.g. use paginations, pop-up contents on click instead of on load)
Asynchronous calls: Adopt implementation of AJAX calls from the presentation tier and the business tier.
#2 Application development optimizations
Include JS files at the bottom of the page (to avoid render blocking of page).
Combine multiple CSS files and optimize unwanted rules as per page requirements.
Avoid using external scripts at the beginning of the page.
Combine smaller images/icons to sprite & have optimi.
Use CSS rules/files in the head section of the document.
Reduce the number of requests to server.
Implement server/browser caching on possible sections.
Implement Mobile-specific sections to avoid overloading on small screen devices.
Below are few improvisation observations which are affected by optimizing the Webpage and it’s assets.
We’re technology tinkerers, experimentalists, and experts in customer experience consulting. Get in touch with us at email@example.com to know more about our ventures in website design and experience consulting.
In a country that ranks second in the world for video consumption, cheap data is often attributed as the primary driver behind it. Although data is cheapest in India (Rs. 18.5/GB in 2018, Rs. 3.4/GB in 2019), regional content curated and consumed by natives contributed a great deal to the adoption of digital in rural India. Digital content consumption is expected to double, with over a billion of the population having a smartphone by the next decade. Let’s see what will change in the coming decade? But before, a quick insight into the existing Indian digital landscape.
India’s Digital Demography
Users: 94% of the urban population in India has an internet subscription; which falls to a considerable low among the rural populace (only 24%), according to TRAI.
There are four categories of internet users – Digital sophisticates (3%): these are tech-savvy, wealthy, and urban and prefer global and original content; Digital enthusiasts (36%): these are mainly smartphone & TV streaming users with preference for Hindi and regional content; Digital mainstream (59%): these are predominantly smartphone users and seek free content available online or bundled TV packages; Fringe users (2%): these are irregular users belonging to remote areas where internet connectivity is poor. (India’s Digital Future, KPMG, 2019)
Preferences: Nearly 30% of google search in India is voice-driven (Business Standard, 2019), indicating voice assistance will further progress linguistic democratization.
In India, YouTube accounts for nearly 265 million unique, active users. 95% of these users watch videos in their regional languages (Economic Times, 2018).
Google and Facebook account for nearly 80% of the digital advertisement in India (KPMG India analysis). In 2018, Google reported INR 93 billion in revenues from its operations in India, with 67% accruing from its digital ads platform. Also, video ads contribute to most of ad-spent (53%).
In 2018, there were 340 million smartphone users in India, which is projected to reach 829 million by 2022, according to the CISCO VNI report.
New Trends in Digital Content Consumption
Today, video streaming services have more subscribers (613 million) than traditional cable connection (556 million), according to VentureBeat news.
The media consumption in India has grown at a CAGR 9% during 2012-18 (IBEF, 2019), which is almost nine times that of the US. Print media and television remains the largest platform for advertisement, however the future might witness a shift.
The Indian FMCG sector spends the most on digital advertising. However, considering its overall budget, it’s only 16%. Interestingly, the BFSI sector spends nearly 38% of its marketing budget on digital advertising. (Dentsu Aegis Digital Report, 2019) This indicates that industries have started to realize and invest in digital platforms.
Regional content: According to KPMG in India analysis, consumers spend 35-43% of their time on regional videos on digital platforms. Digital content and media platforms like Zee5, Hotstar, Voot, and Amazon Prime Video are keen on producing original and region-based content. According to Financial Express, the cost to develop regional content is 30-40% lower than that of Hindi and has a larger viewership.
Original content: The increased digital content consumption also demands originality. Today, content generation is not limited to the media and entertainment industry. For instance, in September 2019, Zomato launched a video streaming service on its app. The primary goal remains the same- customer engagement. Addressing the fact that food is not the only thing people consume these days, businesses are penetrating the minds of youth through quality and original content.
Hotstar reports 80% of its viewership from dramas and movies and plans to invest INR 120 crores in creating original content.
The Future of Content in India and APAC
The next significant disruption in content consumption will come from 5G technology. Because digital content needs internet and India’s still dangling between 2G and lower cap of the 4G network. Setting up a 5G network will require a $500 billion investment in the next 5-7 years. The government is expecting the initial deployment of the 5G network by 2020 and roll-out by 2022.
5G technology will be able to handle more traffic at a higher speed, satisfying the demand for high data and the growing number of mobile users. HD content will become a thing of the past and consumers will be interacting with augmented reality in their everyday life. It will not only enhance augmented reality and virtual reality experiences but will also support IoT, autonomous vehicles, and automation to name a few. However, India isn’t quite ready for 5G technology yet. The following graph illustrates the countries which are about to enter the 5G era.
An overview of digital behavior in Japan, Korea, and Singapore which are among the top 10 countries to deploy 5G.
Republic of Korea
Preferred device to go online
Email (80.2%), weather report (65.8%), transport (63.4%)
5G will also make technologies like Augmented Reality, Virtual Reality, cloud-based gaming, IoT and OTT services commercially available.
Apart from this, AI (Artificial Intelligence) will continue to retain customer engagement through predictive analytics, machine learning, and natural language processing capabilities.
For example, Hotstar uses machine learning algorithms for personalized movie recommendations. It predicts user preferences by calculating total watch time per user per month. The company is leveraging AI technology for translations, audio to text conversions, video compression, object detection, and scene classification.
We’re an AI-first products and solutions firm with extensive experience in insurance and consumer internet domains. Feel free to reach us out at firstname.lastname@example.org for an intelligent digital solution to your business requirements.
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