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6 InsurTech Companies in India Featured in the Prestigious InsurTech100

3 minutes, 36 seconds read

Indian technology companies are leading InsurTech innovations and 6 firms have successfully secured a spot in the InsurTech100. FinTech Global’s InsurTech100 is an annual list of tech-startups- transforming the digital insurance landscape through innovative products and solutions. These top 100 InsurTechs are recognized by a panel of analysts and industry stalwarts from an exhaustive list of over 1000 technology firms, who are solving the most-pressing insurance challenges. Here are the InsurTech Companies in India who are pioneering the Global InsurTech revolution.

Acko

Acko is India’s first fully-digital general insurance company. Founded in 2017, it provides personalized pricing to customers through deep-data analytics. It studies customers’ interaction patterns and behaviours and accordingly suggests insurance products. 

Currently, Acko has insured over 40 million Indians, acquiring 8% of the car insurance policies bought online in India. It also introduced Ola Ride Insurance for lost baggage, laptops, missed flights, accidental medical expenses, and ambulance transportation cover. 

Artivatic

Artivatic provides an insurance SaaS platform to automate buyer onboarding, profiling, underwriting, and claims administration. Their solutions leverage cutting-edge technologies like NLP, ML, Deep Learning, Behavior Analysis, AI, and IoT.

Currently, the company is working with 16 clients which include Deloitte, KPMC, HCL, and Cynopia, among others.

Mantra Labs

Mantra Labs is an AI-first product & solutions firm solving the most pressing front & back-office challenges faced by Insurance carriers. Their product portfolio includes — FlowMagic, a visual-AI platform for insurer workflows; an AI-enabled chatbot for insurance; and an AI-driven lead conversion accelerator that maximizes opportunities from the sales funnel.

One of the oldest InsurTech companies in India, Mantra Labs has worked with leading insurers like Religare, DHFL Pramerica, Aditya Birla Health, and AIA Hongkong along with unicorn Internet startups like Ola, Myntra and Quikr. Mantra Labs also has strategic technology partnerships with MongoDB, IBM Watson, and Nvidia.

Pentation Analytics

Pentation Analytics provides state-of-the-art analytics applications targeting core insurance use cases. The company has introduced ‘Insurance Analytics Suite®’ which addresses retention/persistence, cross-sell, acquisition, and underwriting through advanced machine learning models. The product is adaptable to both cloud and on-premise applications. 

Pentation Analytics is partners with international technology companies like Hewlett Packard Enterprise, HortonWorks, Hitachi, among others.

PolicyBazaar

PolicyBazaar is India’s largest insurance marketplace. It allows users to view and compare different insurance policies online based on their preferences. Users can also buy, sell, and store policies online. The platform provides an end-to-end solution to track policies and claims assistance. The company hosts over 100 million visitors annually and records nearly 1,000,000 sales transactions/month. Currently, PolicyBazaar accounts for nearly 32% of India’s life cover & retail health business collectively. 

The company has support from an array of meticulous investors like SoftBank, InfoEdge (Naukri.com), Temasek, Tiger Global Management, True North, and Premji Invest. 

Toffee Insurance

Toffee Insurance is a new-age contextual microinsurance products firm. It’s customer-centric products deconstruct traditional underwriting and pack relevant policies according to individual requirements. The company is distributing plans through different channels like APIs, mobile, and SMS transactions. Their current portfolio includes cycle insurance, income protection insurance, daily commute insurance, and dengue insurance catering to individuals with monthly income less than USD 300. 

The company has succeeded in issuing policies to 115K+ Indians, of which 80% are first-time buyers. Currently, Toffee Insurance is partners with Hero Cycles, Wildcraft, Eko, and Apollo Hospitals and is backed by ICICI Prudential, Religare, HDFC Ergo, and Tata AIG Insurance among many others.

Changing market dynamics has brought a radical shift within the insurance industry. AI-driven technologies are making subtle changes to the way millennials and younger generations are thinking about Insurance as an immediate need. Insurtech is well poised above all else, to satisfy even the most unique coverage needs, removing traditional challenges like ownership from the mix.

With the growing popularity of digital channels, customers prefer self-service portals for quick access and instant solutions for their ever-changing financial and protection needs. Also, customers are now more aware of the potential threats than ever before and expect relevant products from insurers. “25% of business customers and fewer than 15% of retail policyholders believe they are covered comprehensively against emerging risks”(according to the World InsurTech Report 2019); indicating a rising need for consumer-centric and innovative insurance solutions to meet the new demand.

[Related: 10 Takeaways from the World InsurTech Report 2019]

In the year 2018, the InsurTech100 was secured by 7 InsurTech companies in India — Acko, Arvi, CoverFox, GramCover, PolicyBazaar, PolicyX, and Toffee Insurance as innovative InsurTechs.

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Implementing a Clean Architecture with Nest.JS

4 minutes read

This article is for enthusiasts who strive to write clean, scalable, and more importantly refactorable code. It will give an idea about how Nest.JS can help us write clean code and what underlying architecture it uses.

Implementing a clean architecture with Nest.JS will require us to first comprehend what this framework is and how it works.

What is Nest.JS?

Nest or Nest.JS is a framework for building efficient, scalable Node.js applications (server-side) built with TypeScript. It uses Express or Fastify and allows a level of abstraction to enable developers to use an ample amount of modules (third-party) within their code.

Let’s dig deeper into what is this clean architecture all about. 

Well, you all might have used or at least heard of MVC architecture. MVC stands for Model, View, Controller. The idea behind this is to separate our project structure into 3 different sections.

1. Model: It will contain the Object file which maps with Relation/Documents in the DB.

2. Controller: It is the request handler and is responsible for the business logic implementation and all the data manipulation.

3. View: This part will contain files that are concerned with the displaying of the data, either HTML files or some templating engine files.

To create a model, we need some kind of ORM/ODM tool/module/library to build it with. For instance, if you directly use the module, let’s say ‘sequelize’, and then use the same to implement login in your controller and make your core business logic dependent upon the ‘sequelize’. Now, down the line, let’s say after 10 years, there is a better tool in the market that you want to use, but as soon as you replace sequelize with it, you will have to change lots of lines of code to prevent it from breaking. Also, you’ll have to test all the features once again to check if it’s deployed successfully or not which may waste valuable time and resource as well. To overcome this challenge, we can use the last principle of SOLID which is the Dependency Inversion Principle, and a technique called dependency injection to avoid such a mess.

Still confused? Let me explain in detail.

So, what Dependency Inversion Principle says in simple words is, you create your core business logic and then build dependency around it. In other words, free your core logic and business rules from any kind of dependency and modify the outer layers in such a way that they are dependent on your core logic instead of your logic dependent on this. That’s what clean architecture is. It takes out the dependency from your core business logic and builds the system around it in such a way that they seem to be dependent on it rather than it being dependent on them.

Let’s try to understand this with the below diagram.

Source: Clean Architecture Cone 

You can see that we have divided our architecture into 4 layers:

1. Entities: At its core, entities are the models(Enterprise rules) that define your enterprise rules and tell what the application is about. This layer will hardly change over time and is usually abstract and not accessible directly. For eg., every application has a ‘user’. What all fields the user should store, their types, and relations with other entities will comprise an Entity.

2. Use cases: It tells us how can we implement the enterprise rules. Let’s take the example of the user again. Now we know what data to be operated upon, the use case tells us how to operate upon this data, like the user will have a password that needs to be encrypted, the user needs to be created, and the password can be changed at any given point of time, etc.

3. Controllers/Gateways: These are channels that help us to implement the use cases using external tools and libraries using dependency injection.

4. External Tools: All the tools and libraries we use to build our logic will come under this layer eg. ORM, Emailer, Encryption, etc.

The tools we use will be depending upon how we channel them to use cases and in turn, use cases will depend upon the entities which is the core of our business. This way we have inverted the dependency from outwards to inwards. That’s what the Dependency Inversion Principal of SOLID implies.

Okay, by now, you got the gist of Nest.JS and understood how clean architecture works. Now the question arises, how these two are related?  

Let’s try to understand what are the 3 building blocks of Nest.JS and what each of them does.

  1. Modules: Nest.JS is structured in such a way that we can treat each feature as a module. For eg., anything which is linked with the User such as models, controllers, DTOs, interfaces, etc., can be separated as a module. A module has a controller and a bunch of providers which are injectible functionalities like services, orm, emailer, etc.
  1. Controllers: Controllers in Nest.JS are interfaces between the network and your logic. They are used to handle requests and return responses to the client side of the application (for example, call to the API).
  1. Providers (Services): Providers are injectable services/functionalities which we can inject into controllers and other providers to provide flexibility and extra functionality. They abstract any form of complexity and logic.

To summarize,

  • We have controllers that act as interfaces (3rd layer of clean architecture)
  • We have providers which can be injected to provide functionality (4th layer of clean architecture: DB, Devices, etc.)
  • We can also create services and repositories to define our use case (2nd Layer)
  • We can define our entities using DB providers (1st Layer)

Conclusion:

Nest.JS is a powerful Node.JS framework and the most well-known typescript available today. Now that you’ve got the lowdown on this framework, you must be wondering if we can use it to build a project structure with a clean architecture. Well, the answer is -Yes! Absolutely. How? I’ll explain in the next series of this article. 

Till then, Stay tuned!

About the Author:

Junaid Bhat is currently working as a Tech Lead in Mantra Labs. He is a tech enthusiast striving to become a better engineer every day by following industry standards and aligned towards a more structured approach to problem-solving. 


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