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Laravel vs Zend – Features You Need to Know Before You Start

Developing Web applications can be a time intensive and complicated process as it involves delivering unique user experiences over browsers and smartphones. However, it can be streamlined by using PHP framework to create simple and rapid agile applications. This is usually doable due to the reuse of generic modules or components, and the convenience that comes with a unified structural foundation.
A PHP framework also helps to achieve application scalability and simplify maintenance, ensuring compliance with the most important development standards.
Other than that, to achieve economies of scale, your top most priority must be to develop high quality apps with optimal use of resources. PHP frameworks helps you to concentrate on those specific tasks that result in the creation of sustainable and flawless code. But the question lies which framework should you use to create your web apps?
For one of our clients, we did a POC on some of the widely used frameworks of PHP, to see which framework is best recommended for the e-commerce business solution.
We have taken the top two most widely used members of PHP framework family – Laravel 5 and Zend 2.0, and tried to evaluate how they stack up against each other and which one is best to use.
The five questions which were answered during POC of the two frameworks are:
1. Do we have high performance template engine support present?
2. SQL injection attacks and cross-site scripting (XSS) prevention?
3. Cookie Information management?
4. Caching system that loads your web applications extremely fast?
5. Authentication support that is facilitated via RBAC (Role Based Access Control)?

For our client we did a small exercise and answered above 5 questions.


Zend Laravel
Zend Framework, which provides a number of ready-to-use components to improve your application’s security. It uses a blade template engine to speed up compiling tasks, and users can include latest features so easily. Laravel has its own light-weight templating engine called “Blade”.
Zend Framework offers an Escaper component to escape output and defend from XSS and may be vulnerable to SQL injection attacks. Client-side cross-site scripting protection (xss) is there, Laravel’s {{}} syntax will automatically escape any HTML entities passed along via a view variable. Laravel’s Eloquent ORM uses PDO parameter binding to avoid SQL injection. Parameter binding ensures that malicious users can’t pass in query data which could modify the query’s intent.
Has a built in authentication support that is facilitated via RBAC (Role Based Access Control). RBAC is present here
We can add Caching system that loads your web applications extremely fast Caching system that loads your web applications extremely fast is present by default.
We can do Cookie Information management in Zend All cookies created by the Laravel framework are encrypted and signed with an authentication code


Adding to the comparison that is in table-1, we evaluated some more points in Laravel vs Zend 2.0.:


Features Laravel Zend
Memory Recommended 1 Gb 512 Mb
Template Language Accounts for Blade in Addition to Php, Smarty and Twig Does not account for Blade in addition to Php, Smarty and Twig
Development Principles Test-driven development, No repetition, Configuration over convention Configuration over convention
Released Version 5.0 2.0
Programming Paradigm Functional, Event Driven, Object Orientated Event Driven, Object Orientated
Scripting Language Support Php & Amp; Javascript Php
Front End Php Php & Javascript
Client/Server Code Reuse Model View Controller, Template Language, Web Services Model View Controller
Data Storage Berkeley Db, Relational Db, File System Relational Db, File System
Library File Size 17Mb 8Mb
Api Comprehensibility 5 star 3 star
Implementation Flexibility 55% 45%
Community Feedback 5 Star 4 Star
Ease of Use 5 Star 3 Star
Uncompressed Size 2Mb 9Mb
Maven Support No Yes
Resource File Processing Yes No
Partial Classes Yes No
Javascript Library included No Yes
Requests Per Second 100 1000
Modules/Extensions/Plug-Ins 8000 9999
Easy to Configure Yes No
Xss Yes No
Cloud Platform Support Google App Engine, Amazon Ec2, Fortrabbit, Pagoda Box, Digital Ocean, Heroku, Linode, Openshift Windows Azure, Amazon Ec2, Heroku, Openshift
Email Protocol Smtp, Imap, Pop3, Mailgun, Mandrill Imap, Pop3, Smtp
Design Pattern Active-Record, Model-View-Controller, Dependency Injection, Observer, Singleton, Facade, Event-Driven, Mtv Dependency Injection, Model-View-Controller, Event-Driven, Data Mapper, Singleton, Active-Record
Database Sqlite, Mysql, Postgresql, Redis, Microsoft Bi Microsoft Bi, Mysql, Postgresql, Mariadb, Sqlite, Ibm Db2, Oracle, Mongodb


Considering the success criteria like raboust/stability/scalability/security etc. in top 2 tables, it is clear that Laravel stands better than Zend.

In case, you any queries on Laravel vs Zend, feel free to approach us on hello@mantralabsglobal.com, our developers are here to clear confusions and it might be a good choice based on your business and technical needs.


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How to increase patient engagement on a healthcare app?

By :
4 minutes, 9 seconds read

Patient facing mobile apps have emerged as a viable alternative to interact with patients and help them execute several tasks related to healthcare without reaching the hospital. Patients are now increasingly glued to these healthcare apps and their time spent on mobile devices has increased significantly. From communication and information to executing business through mobile apps have become a common thing.

Still, there is a lot of gap in the healthcare market. Marketers are struggling to gauge the true value of mobile apps for the bottom line of healthcare organizations. Especially in terms of the value of the app viz-viz the efforts, cost, and time it would take to become a useful and engaging healthcare app for the patient.

To help you increase the patient engagement on a healthcare app, here are a few crucial ways that you need to know. It will not only increase the engagement but will also help you meet your organizational goals at a faster pace.

1. Reduce Readmissions

Healthcare provider’s biggest pain point these days is to avoid readmission of preventable cases. It is crucial for healthcare organizations to reduce this number to enhance patient outcome and improve their revenue growth. Customized healthcare applications can assist hospitals in reducing the number of readmissions.

Here is how:

  • Offer personalized post-release information and instructions
  • Reminder for regular follow-up visits
  • Enforce stricter adherence to post-release prescription and regiment
  • Easier access to healthcare resources and information
  • Lesser cost and time of reaching out
  • Greater engagement to reduce readmission rates

2. Encourage Patients to Proactively Manage Their Health

Encouraging the patient to become proactive in managing their own health can help in improving the outcome and also enhance the reputation of your hospital. With easier access to the required resources and tools, patients are more likely to stay in touch with healthcare professionals and practice the wellness regimen. A properly optimized mobile app can deliver a better wellness experience to the patient and a greater sense of satisfaction.

Here is how an app can help the patient in managing their health proactively:

  • Keeps the patient informed and connected with relevant services
  • Encourages regular health tracking
  • Helps in developing healthy habits and exercises
  • Promotion of health education by streaming informations

3. Improve Trust and Build Relationships

Establishing trust between the patient and doctor is one of the difficult things that hospitals face. Due to long wait times, complex processes, or lack of communication between healthcare team; patients are not willing to attend healthcare appointments.

However, when you give all the relevant tools and information in the smartphone of the patient and empower them, the trust develops between the two parties and the patient proactively takes charge of their treatment. Hospitals can also gain competitive advantage by streamlining patient referrals and building stronger relationships with physicians.

Here is how apps can help:

  • You can provide access to a larger pool of specialists 
  • Help in easily accessing credentials, studies, and information from the mobile app
  • Recommend, network, and connect
  • Improve efficiency and workflow

4. Boost Brand Image and Reputation

Today patients can not be treated less than consumers. Hospitals are competing with each other to provide better care facilities and infrastructure at affordable prices. Hence, it has become crucial to achieve patient satisfaction and engagement. Through mobile apps, hospitals can make the existing information easily accessible along with brand awareness features including social media, photo galleries, virtual tours, and more.

Here is how mobile app can help:

  • Easier access to communication and information
  • Intuitive presentation of the hospital through immersive galleries
  • Stream ER wait time and other relevant information
  • Greater social media engagement

What more factors can increase engagement?

Several patients come to healthcare app once and then dump them after a few logins. One of the major reasons for such low engagement rates is that either the app is difficult to navigate or it is not immersive for the patient.

Consider these few points to make your app more engaging:

  • Customize the app as per the patient group. An app can appear differently to a child and an old age person. Develop an app that is easy to use for all users. Sit with your QA engineers to validate the functionality of your application thoroughly.
  • Build an app that is scalable and can be evolved over a period of time. Leave the possibility of enhancements and customizations that you would need in the future to keep the application viable.
  • It is a no brainer to give multiple options to your patients. Develop a cross-platform application that is compatible with both iOS and Android platforms and offers a rich user experience.

Wrapping Up

With the COVID-19 pandemic, people are more worried about visiting hospitals. Social distancing has become the norm and patients are more inclined towards telemedicine for their treatment. In such a tricky situation, it has become more crucial for hospitals to provide a robust, secure, and engaging mobile app to patients to interact with doctors, access information, and stay connected with the healthcare system.

About the Author

Erna Clayton is a techie with over 12 years of experience in several technological domains including quality assurance and software testing. In her free time, she loves travelling and writing on technology.

Further Readings:

  1. Building Consumer Trust in the Digital Healthcare Era
  2. HealthTech 101: How are Healthcare Technologies Reinventing Patient Care
  3. Virtual health: Delivering care through technology
  4. How Mobile Micro-Health Insurance can unlock ‘Digital for Bharat’?

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