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What’s going to be big in chatbots for 2019

The chatbot market is predicted to reach a whopping 1.25 billion US dollars by 2025. These figures are not just mind-boggling, but they are proof that shows the relevance of chatbots today. Also, 45% of end users have already got comfortable with chatbots, and they prefer chatbots over other media for communication.

Chatbot in 2019

So, we can expect that by 2019 chatbots will reach another level of accuracy and efficiency. Here are the trends to watch out for chatbots in 2019:

1. Intelligent systems:

Chatbots are the future of impeccable customer service. But to make it at par with human customer support it needs to be super interactive and smart. Companies deploying chatbots are continually working on optimizing their bots so they could be an equal replacement for a human counterpart. It is predicted that in the next few years conversational AI-first” user experience, or CUX,  will become mainstream in most organizations. CUX is an advanced version of UI  which is designed to help and improve the user experience so that they can reach their end goals faster.

2. The rise of website chatbots:

By the next year, one can expect that several small, as well as medium-sized businesses who have not yet implemented chatbots, will look forward to adopting it. The emergence of third-party companies that help the organization to develop and build the industry-specific chatbots at affordable prices has made the adoption of bot technology easier. Chatbots are a great source to enhance the user experience and provides a 24*7 customer support as such all businesses need it.

3. Stricter guidelines:

The crux of chatbots is DATA and more data. The introduction of GDPR guidelines this year has made the usage of data restricted. Even with stricter guidelines, the importance of data will not plummet, and it will only increase.  The companies will need to find responsible methods of data processing so that they adhere to the new guidelines and develop GDPR-compliant solutions.

4. Chatbots beyond customer support:

The coming year will witness the use of chatbots for several more processes such as the B2B and B2E business workflows. Some existing examples include the chatbots for CRM, Intranet and IT help desks. As cited by a leading company Juniper Networks that chatbots can reduce the business costs by $8bn by 2022 and 2019 will witness some fantastic advancements in that direction.

5. Mobile app saturation:

The mobile app market is saturating, and in the coming years, it is said that 50% of companies will focus their resources and finances on chatbots rather than mobile apps.

Reasons why chatbots are more preferred than mobile apps:

    Chatbots are more efficient and intelligent and are a better way to reach customers.

    Smartphone users do not want to exhaust their limited memory space with unlimited applications.

    75% of Smartphone users use some messaging app.

    The UI elements of an application or a website is a collection of information. If all of this can be packaged together and provided in a messaging app, it will be much easier for the users. Wouldn’t it be great if you can manage everything from booking a movie ticket to buying groceries through a single interface?

    Also, chatbots do not need a download you need to message them through a messaging app and ask them to perform a function.

We cannot ignore the immense benefits that chatbots have to offer. The exploration around chatbots is unlimited, and we will see them unravelling one at a time. The experience that chatbots provide whether it is finding a travelling location or getting information is super smooth and comfortable. The personal touch that chatbots offer is another plus point that makes chatbots a perfect fit for businesses.

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12 Tips To Secure Your Mobile Application

Cyber attacks and data theft have become so common these days especially when it comes to mobile applications. As a result, mobile apps that experience security breaches may suffer financial losses. With many hackers eyeing to steal customer data, securing these applications has become the number one priority for organizations and a serious challenge for developers. According to Gartner’s recent research, Hype Cycle for Application Security, investment in application security will increase by more than two-fold over the next few years, from $6 billion this year to $13.7 billion by 2026. Further, the report stated, “Application security is now top-of-mind for developers and security professionals, and the emphasis is now turning to apps hosted in public clouds,” It is crucial to get the fundamental components of DevOps security correct. Here are the 12 tips to secure your mobile application: 

1. Install apps from trusted sources:

It’s common to have Android applications republished on alternate markets or their APKs & IPAs made available for download. Both APK and IPA may be downloaded and installed from a variety of places, including websites, cloud services, drives, social media, and social networking. Only the Play Store and the App Store should be allowed to install trustworthy APK and IPA files. To prevent utilizing these apps, we should have a source check detection (Play Store or App Store) upon app start.

Also read, https://andresand.medium.com/add-method-to-check-which-app-store-the-android-app-is-installed-from-or-if-its-sideloaded-c9f450a3d069

2. Root Detection:

Android: An attacker could launch a mobile application on a rooted device and access the local memory or call specific activities or intents to perform malicious activities in the application. 

iOS: Applications on a jailbroken device run as root outside of the iOS sandbox. This can allow applications to access sensitive data stored in other apps or install malicious software negating sandboxing functionality. 

More on Root Detection- https://owasp.org/www-project-mobile-top-10/2016-risks/m8-code-tampering

3. Data Storing:

Developers use Shared Preferences & User Defaults to store key-value pairs like tokens, mobile numbers, email, boolean values, etc. Additionally, while creating apps, developers prefer SQLite databases for structured data. It is recommended to store any data in the format of encryption so that it is difficult to extract the information by hackers.

4. Secure Secret Keys:

API keys, passwords, and tokens shouldn’t be hardcoded in the code. It is recommended to use different techniques to store these values so that hackers cannot get away quickly by tampering with the application. 

Here’s a reference link: https://guides.codepath.com/android/Storing-Secret-Keys-in-Android

5. Code Obfuscation

An attacker may decompile the APK file and extract the source code of the application. This may expose sensitive information stored in the source code of the application to the attacker which may be used to perform tailored attacks. 

It is better to obfuscate the source code to prevent all the sensitive information contained in the source code.

6. Secure Communication:

An attacker may perform malicious activities to leverage the level of attacks since all communication is happening over unencrypted channels. So always use HTTPS URLs over HTTP URLs.

7. SSL Pinning:

Certificate pinning allows mobile applications to restrict communication only to servers with a valid certificate matching the expected value (pin). Pinning ensures that no network data is compromised even if a user is tricked into installing a malicious root certificate on their mobile device. Any app that pins its certificates would thwart such phishing attempts by refusing to transmit data over a compromised connection

Please refer: 

https://owasp.org/www-community/controls/Certificate_and_Public_Key_Pinning

8. Secure API request & response data

The standard practice is to use HTTPS for the baseline protection of REST API calls. The information sent to the server or received from the server may be further encrypted with AES, etc. For example, if there are sensitive contents, you might choose to select those to encrypt so that even if the HTTPS is somehow broken or misconfigured, you have another layer of protection from your encryption.

9. Secure Mobile App Authentication:

In case an application does not assign distinct and complex session tokens after login to a user, an attacker can conduct phishing in order to lure the victim to use a custom-generated token provided by the attacker and easily bypass the login page with the captured session by using a MiTM attack.

i) Assign a distinct and complex session token to a user each time he/she logs on successfully to the application. 

ii) Terminate the session lifetime immediately after logging out. 

iii) Do not use the same session token for two or more IP addresses. 

iv) Limit the expiry time for every session token.

10.  Allow Backup 

Disallow users to back up an app if it contains sensitive data. Having access to backup files (i.e. when android:allowBackup=”true”), it is possible to modify/read the content of an app even on a non-rooted device. So it is recommended to make allow backup false. 

11. Restrict accessing android application screens from other apps

Ideally, your activities should not give any provision to the opening from other services or applications. Make it true only when you have a specific requirement to access your flutter screens from other apps otherwise change to android:exported= ”false”

12. Restrict installing packages from the android application

REQUEST_INSTALL_PACKAGES permission allows apps to install new packages on a user’s device. We are committed to preventing abuse on the Android platform and protecting users from apps that self-update using any method other than Google Play’s update mechanism or download harmful APKs.

Conclusion: 

Mobile Apps have become more personalized than ever before with heaps of customers’ personal data stored in them every day. In order to build trust and loyalty among users and prevent significant financial and credential losses for the companies, it is now crucial to make sure the application is secure for the user. Following the above-mentioned mobile app security checklists will definitely help to prevent hackers from hacking the app.

About the Author:

Raviteja Aketi is a Senior Software Engineer at Mantra Labs. He has extensive experience with B2B projects. Raviteja loves exploring new technologies, watching movies, and spending time with family and friends.

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