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Everything You Need to Know About Test Automation as a Service (TAaaS)

6 minutes, 24 seconds read

The enterprise-level digitization and adoption of DevOps and Agile have made test automation a necessity in today’s time. It reduces the time-to-market and hence the production cost. One can execute test automation on web/mobile/desktop application, performance, and APIs at once; generating a comprehensive report based on functionality, time, and build.

Test Automation as a Service is an on-demand automation offering that overrules manual testing. But before, let’s look at key problems with manual testing-

  • It demands manual effort during release/enhancement.
  • Manual testing requires greater resources.
  • Testers usually avoid lengthy testing because of time and resource constraints.
  • It has a limited scope of tests and cannot accomplish in-depth testing. In other words, manual testing has lesser coverage. 
  • It requires testing the application on multiple computers, mobiles, tablets, etc. with different configurations.
  • The scripts are not reusable, i.e. every time testing will require new scripts for instances like the change in OS version.

How Automation Speeds-up Testing by 70%?

Testing automation not only reduces manual efforts but also speeds-up the entire testing process. Here’s how.

  • It cuts down the repetitive tasks/testing, which the test engineers used to do at the time of product release or enhancement.
  • TAaaS covers lengthy testing, which was unattended by manual testing.
  • It also increases the testing coverage with fewer resources.
  • It finds critical defects at an early stage of testing.
  • Its scripts are reusable. Testers need not code new scripts every time for system upgrades and OS version changes. Tests can recur without errors.

The following are the test automation tools categorized application-wise.

Web-based Application Automation

Selenium Webdriver is an open-source tool for automating web-based applications only. Users can test web applications using any web browser.

  • Types of OS for testing in Selenium: Windows, Mac, Linux
  • Browsers supported for testing: Mozilla Firefox, Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Safari, Opera

Additional Resource: Selenium Testing Automation Framework

Mobile-based Application Automation

Appium is an open-source tool to test web applications running in mobile browsers. It also supports the automation of native and hybrid mobile applications developed for iOS and Android OS. Appium uses Selenium API to test the applications.

You can test a mobile application in just four steps-

  1. Write your test script on Eclipse.
  2. Connect your device to Computer (PC).
  3. Start Appium server.
  4. Run your script (test cases).

Appium supports Chrome browser for testing Android apps and Safari for iOS.

API Automation

Testing is difficult in Java as compared to dynamic languages like Ruby and Groovy. REST Assured is a Java library that provides a domain-specific language (DSL) for writing powerful, maintainable tests for RESTful APIs. Most of the web services are based on REST architecture. Everything is a resource in the RESTful web service. It is lightweight, scalable, and allows creating easy to maintain web apps. How it works-

  • REST Assured captures the (JSON) response of the API call.
  • It validates if the response status code is equal to 200.

Windows App Automation

Winium is a Selenium-based open-source automation framework for the Windows platform. You can test your Windows App following these steps-

  • Write your test script on Eclipse.
  • Start Winium Desktop Driver.
  • Set the path of application in the script.
  • Using “UISpy” inspect the elements.
  • Run your script (test cases).

Frameworks for Test Automation as a Service

A framework is a collection of reusable components that make the overall test execution and development easy and efficient. It is a custom tool designed by Framework Developers to simplify test automation processes.

A framework is a well-organized structure of components. For instance, one driver file executes an entire batch of commands without any manual intervention. The following are the types of frameworks along with the use scenarios specific to Test Automation as a Service protocol.

Data Driven Framework

This automation framework focuses on keeping test script logic and test data separate. For testing, it inputs data sets from a variety of sources like MS Excel Sheets, MS Access Tables, SQL Database, XML files, etc.

When the same test case needs to be executed multiple times with different data sets, the data-driven framework provides data to the test scripts.

Modular Driven Framework

Here, testers create test scripts for individual, small modules of the application. These small scripts (or test modules) can be combined into a master script to test specific scenarios or end-to-end testing. The test modules can also act as a library of functions to use in the future.

When applications contain a lot of modules, a modular framework is suitable for testing.

Keyword Driven Framework

This framework is also known as table-driven testing because it uses a table format to define keywords or action words for each function that the tester needs to execute. It’s a user-friendly framework. Test Engineers can develop test scripts even with limited knowledge of automation tools and programming language.

Behavior Driven Development Framework (Cucumber Framework)

It is a testing framework which supports Behavior Driven Development (BDD). It allows the tester to define application behavior in plain English and simple grammar as defined in Gherkin language. The following are the components of the cucumber framework.

Feature Files: It is an entry point to the cucumber tests. Here, the tester describes the test cases in a descriptive language like English. Feature files are important because they serve as an automation test script as well as live documents. A feature file can contain one or many scenarios. The following is a sample feature file.

#Author: your.email@your.domain.com

#Keywords Summary:

#Feature: List of scenarios.

#Scenario: Business rule through list of steps with arguments.

#Given: Some precondition step

#When: Some key actions

#Then: To observe outcomes or validation

#And, But: To enumerate more Given, When, Then steps

#Scenario Outline: List of steps for data driven as an Examples and <placeholder>

#Examples: Container for s table

#Background: List of steps run before each of the scenarios

#””” (Doc Strings)

#| (Data Tables)

#@ (Tags/Labels): To group Scenarios

#<> (placeholder)


## (Comments)

#Sample Feature Definition Template


Feature: Title of your feature

I want to use this template for my feature file


  Scenario: Title of your scenario

Given I want to write a step with precondition

And some other precondition

When I complete action

    And some other action

And yet another action

Then I validate the outcomes

And check more outcomes


  Scenario Outline: Title of your scenario outline

Given I want to write a step with <name>

When I check for the <value> in step

Then I verify the <status> in step


   | name | value | status |

   | name1 | 5 | success |

   | name2 | 7 | Fail    |

Apart from these testers also use Linear Scripting Framework and Hybrid Testing Framework for Test Automation.

Step Definitions: A Step definition is a small piece of code with a set pattern. The pattern links the Step Definition to all the matching steps. Cucumber executes a Step according to Gherkin Steps.

Test Runner: The JUnit runner uses the JUnit Framework to run cucumber. It is an open-source unit testing framework for Java. It is useful for writing and running repeat/reusable test cases. It requires a single empty class with an annotation-


@CucumberOptions(features=”features”, glue = {“stepDefinitions”})

public class TestRunner {}

Also read – How to perform load testing on applications.

Best Practices for Creating an Effective Testing Framework

  • Integrate Appium and Selenium to cover mobile and web testing together.
  • Integrate REST Assured for API automation to ensure APIs are working as per set functionalities. It saves a great deal of time and resources.
  • Integrate Winium/AutoIt for testing standalone applications.
  • Integrate Cucumber for behaviour-driven development.
  • Use Page Object Model to create generic packages of common classes (codes) that can be used over all the test scripts. It helps to achieve reusability of codes.
  • Integrate JUnit to manage test cases and generate reports.
  • Integrate Maven or Jenkins to achieve continuous testing. Jenkins also helps to run the script for lengthy testing and generate extended reports delivered to all stakeholders. It is useful for tests that take hours to days to complete.

We specialize in business-specific test automation services. Drop us a word at hello@mantralabsglobal.com to streamline and accelerate your product/solution launch.


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A Beginner’s Guide to JSON Data-interchange Format

By :
2 minutes, 46 seconds read

JSON stands for JavaScript Object Notation. It is a subset of JavaScript and an efficient way to deal with data over the internet. It is mainly used for exchanging and storing data. JSON organizes the data quite smoothly and enables easy access. Moreover, it collects data in “forms”, which is readable for humans.

In the early 2000s, JSON format was defined by Douglas Crockford. There are certain rules for JSON syntax which we need to follow for efficient performance. These include the use of square brackets, curly brackets, commas, and value pairs or names. When it comes to the data, then it is necessary to be in the form of value pairs or name. Along the same lines, commas separate data; square and curly brackets hold arrays and objects. Let’s dig into JSON a bit deeper.


JSON is easy for servers as well. Since it deals with the pain text, it makes it easier for servers to interpret data quickly. JSON follows all JavaScript rules and its syntax works impressively on the JavaScript standards. Many people misunderstand JSON as an object. However, it is not true.

Although JSON utilizes JavaScript format, it is a completely different programming language. JSON is responsible for converting data into JS forms of objects in order to store them as text. Besides storing data, you can also use the JSON format for accessing the data.

JSON Formatter

The JSON Formatter is designed to provide the best possible debugging. It is independent and lightweight, which perfectly kicks out the issue of readability. The output from this tool is without link breaks, which saves a lot of device space. JSON Formatter is an amazing online tool that supports all browsers. All you need to do is – submit JSON format file and press enter for output!

JSON formatter

Prettifying JSON Files

There are a number of free online tools to prettify JSON files. To prettify means – making a more readable version of the data. Many people don’t have a firm grip on coding and computer terminologies. If such is the case, you can use online tools for coding and debugging. You can also prettify JSON using the following keys:

OS X: CMD+Ctrl+J

Windows: Ctrl+Alt+J

Linux: Ctrl+Alt+J

Such tools also help in converting files into the desired format. In addition to this, JSON format online provides you lots more facilities to accomplish complex tasks in minimum possible time.

JSON Format Code

Every software has its own extension for storing data and that’s simply JSON. With this extension, you can store or access the written programming code. Application/JSON is used for the Internet Media files, and for the Uniform Type Identifier, public.json is used.

In JSON, users cannot use functions but must mention them as a string. It is possible to convert such strings into functions later on.

JSON Formatter as an Independent Tool

JSON Formatter is an independent tool that provides a new structure to your coding through easy parsing. However, users need to follow all the XML procedures accurately (usually it’s a three-level process) to get full benefits of JSON coding.

You can also use online resources like jsoneditoronline.org to view, edit, format, and transform different JSON documents.

About the author: Urooj Ashraf is the reputation Manager at TurboRankers and has previously worked as Article writer on freelancing platforms. She’s an expert in inbound marketing, WordPress Development and lead generation. Urooj is also an author at daayri.com. Contact her.

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