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Top Javascript Frameworks and Trends in 2020

With a fast-growing MEAN stack for web and mobile applications, Javascript is becoming the first choice for developers. It is the favorite technology for most professional developers (71.5% in 2018 and 69.7% in 2019), according to the Stack Overflow survey report. Let’s now look at the emerging trends and Javascript applications that are shaping for 2020.

Javascript Trends 2020 Overview

All modern browsers support Javascript and that’s why over 10400 companies in the world use Javascript in their stacks, according to stackshare.io. Here’s an overview of rising Javascript trends for 2020.

  1. Booming TypeScript: It is a superset of Javascript and existing JS programs function smoothly on TypeScript.
  2. In 2018, Vue.JS surpassed React, but since 2019, React is getting back its momentum.
  3. Framework independent web components are growing rapidly.
  4. Developers are considering modular and reusable components.
  5. Angular 7 is on the rise with new interesting features.
  6. More focus on solution-driven APIs through GraphQL.

TypeScript is designed by Microsoft to expand Javascript capabilities. Developers love TypeScript because of fewer bugs, easy to read codes, and self-documentation feature. Visit Github for TypeScript resources.

Top Javascript Frameworks in 2020

Although we see growing traction for framework-agnostic components, the demand for simple and scalable frameworks is still intact. Let’s look at the top 3 frontend and backend JS Frameworks.

The Top 3 Javascript Frameworks for Frontend Development

#1 Angular 7

AngularJS is a Javascript-based, open-source frontend framework developed by Google. Since its release in 2010, there have been several releases to make AngularJS more user-friendly and effective for web development. Following are some of the exceptional features that make Angular 7 even more desirable.

  1. Styling with CSS, SCSS, LESS using ng new / ng add commands.
  2. Virtual scrolling is now possible with ScrollingModule.
  3. Sorting and moving elements between the list has become simpler with the new DragDropModule function.
  4. Using TypeScript, Angular 7 has updated and enhanced dependencies.

#2 React

Facebook introduced React in 2013 and it has been trending for the last four years. Although last year’s release did not include any major release (just minor bug fixes in React DOM and Is), it still boasts of its biggest knowledgebase, support, and community. The following are the reasons for the popularity of React among developers – 

  1. Native UI: HTML 5 UI comes with several compromises in terms of intuitive user experience. React brings forth a new and highly functional approach to constructing user interfaces. In other words, the application UI is simply the function of the current application state.
  2. Component-based approach: It allows building encapsulated components that can be assembled to make complex UIs.

Also read – What is React Native Framework: An In-depth Study

#3 Ionic

Ionic is a framework to build and deploy cross-platform (android, native iOS, web) apps. Developers prefer this framework especially because of its intuitive UI components. Apart from simple CLI, and impressive icons, the best features that Ionic delivers are – 

  1. Deeplinking – it allows loading a specific view on the app from a web link.
  2. AoT Compiling – to load apps at a lightning-fast speed.
  3. Live Reload – to compile and redeploy apps at every stage of development.

The Top 3 Javascript Frameworks for Backend Development

#1 Express 

Express is one of the four components of the rapidly growing MEAN stack (MongoDB, Express, AngularJS, and Node.js). Developers prefer this framework for building APIs and web applications because of its robustness and minimalism. There have been 7 releases to upgrade the performance of the Express framework and no doubt, it retains the position of trending javascript frameworks even for 2019-20.

Express is one of the oldest active Javascript framework since 2010 and is termed as a standard server framework for Node.js.

#2 Next.js

It is a small framework particularly for developing applications in React. Next.js allows developing complex applications with minimal coding. This year, React and Next.js are going hand-in-hand. The growing popularity of React is driving developers’ inclination towards using Next.js. Its key features are – 

  1. Allows building universal JS applications that are compatible with any server or device.
  2. Irrespective of the data source, server rendering is easier in Next.js.
  3. It has in-built styling but also works with every CSS-in-JS solution.

#3 Meteor

It is an open-source isomorphic (applications that run on both client and server) javascript framework. Meteor has grown exponentially since its release in 2012. Its key features are-

  1. Compact code: It has an integrated Javascript stack that allows writing compact codes. For instance, a 1000 lines of code can be written in just 10 lines in Meteor.
  2. Hot push: It allows new feature releases without app store approval or users having to download the native app again.
  3. Technology integration: It allows integrating popular frameworks and tools. Thus, utilizing the best features from other tech stacks/frameworks.

Special mention: GraphQL

GraphQL is a query language for APIs and provides a runtime environment for fulfilling queries. It is developed by Facebook and is a star performer in the Github community. Also, many developers believe — GraphQL can replace REST APIs very soon. 

GraphQL addresses the following data issues-

  1. It gets all the necessary data to the client via a single request to the server.
  2. The client can communicate in a universal query language. Thus, the server need not specify the structure and composition of the returned data.
  3. It follows a declarative approach of describing the data requirements for the interface. Here, the focus is more on “what” rather than “how” making the information retrieval process simpler.

What about Node.js?

Node.js is the most popular Javascript-based runtime environment for MEAN stack. One should not confuse it with frameworks. It allows developers to use Javascript on both front and backend. Its resourceful APIs make backend development easier. It is a great choice for developing real-time and collaborative applications to date.

Probably, you’ll be interested to know what has changed in Javascript technology over the past few years. Take a look at the past trends-

  1. Javascript Trends 2019
  2. Javascript Trends 2018
  3. Javascript Trends 2017

Bonus – Top trending React Libraries of 2019!

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What will ‘Behavioural Changes’ Mean for India’s Digital Health Future

We are in the middle of a global pandemic, facing a threat unlike one never seen before. COVID-19 has been a reason for global concern since it has negatively impacted economies, shut down workplaces, and forced cities into lockdowns.

But history also tells us  that times of uncertainty also foster innovation. The pandemic has forced consumers and businesses to rethink how they behave both physically and digitally. As per McKinsey, COVID-19 has speeded up the adoption of digital technologies.

India, which was on the cusp of a ‘digital health’ revolution, has now been forced to embrace innovation and emerging trends. The healthcare sector holds great promise since new-age technologies like telemedicine, robotics, artificial intelligence (AI), genomics, etc. are transforming healthcare services.

There have been unprecedented changes in consumer behaviour as well. People are now increasingly relying on using the internet to find clinical information or engage with healthcare professionals digitally. Moreover, online consultations, telemedicine, and e-pharmacies have seen a rise in popularity.

Companies will thus need to capitalize on the changing patterns of consumption and health-seeking behaviour.

This article focuses on how changing patient behaviour will affect India’s digital health future.

A growing Indian healthcare market

According to a report by Future Health Index, India is a leader in the adoption of digital health technology. As per India Brand Equity Foundation (IBEF), the Indian healthcare market is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 22% to reach a valuation of USD 372 billion by 2022. This growth can be attributed to the following –

  • Growing health awareness
  • Aging population
  • Lifestyle-related diseases
  • Rising income levels
  • Growth of internet availability

The rise of digital health start-ups is also playing a role in the growth of the healthcare sector. Indian health tech startup landscape has now matured.

Over the last few years, telemedicine has emerged as a fast-growing sector in India. Prominent start-ups like Practo, mfine, and Lybrate have established themselves in the telehealth market. McKinsey estimates that India could save up to USD10 billion by 2025 by using telemedicine instead of in-person doctor appointments.

COVID-induced behavioural changes

The COVID-19 pandemic has brought about changes to patient behaviour. The fear of leaving homes to get treatment has led to the growth of virtual care and telemedicine. 

As per a report by Accenture, almost 70% of the patients canceled or postponed their treatments due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Technology, therefore, played a crucial role in helping patients continue their care. Healthcare providers were even able to improve the experience for patients by delivering them faster response time, personalized interactions, and the convenience of getting consultation from home.

The same report by Accenture highlights some key behavioural changes that are being observed in patients – 

  • Nearly half of the patients now get their treatment at their homes instead of visiting a clinic.
  • Almost 60% of patients want to continue using technology for communicating with healthcare providers.
  • About 41% of patients now use video conferencing to connect with their healthcare providers. Of these, for almost 70% of patients, it’s their first-time using video conferencing for healthcare.
  • Almost 44% of patients used new apps or devices during the pandemic to manage their health conditions.

All this highlights the need for healthcare providers to reimagine their patient engagement strategies in keeping with the changing patient behavior.

Future of digital health in India

New digital technologies and tools are making an impact across the healthcare sector. They hold great promise in improving the efficiency of healthcare services while delivering better patient care. Below are some of the technological developments that are expected to revolutionize the way we seek healthcare.

Telemedicine

About 68% of India’s population lives in rural areas where healthcare services are not usually up to the mark. This barrier can be overcome by telemedicine that offers an excellent way for patients to consult a doctor in a much shorter duration. Telemedicine can cut waiting times and allow patients to avoid traveling to a clinic or hospital. Some other benefits of telemedicine include –

  • Immediate access to specialist healthcare providers.
  • Cost-effectiveness.
  • Improved quality of care.
  • Convenience to the patients.
  • Improved patient engagement.

Internet of medical things (IoMT)

The rapid growth of IoMT devices is rapidly changing healthcare delivery by playing an important role in tracking and preventing chronic illnesses.

It not only helps eliminate the need for in-person medical visits but also helps reduce costs. Goldman Sachs estimates IoMT to save USD 300 billion annually for the healthcare industry. IoMT will benefit those patients the most who are unable to get access to quality healthcare due to remote location.

Big data in healthcare

There has been dramatic growth in the amount of medical and health data in the last few years. These massive datasets can be used to draw insights and opportunities for healthcare organizations. Analysis of healthcare data can help discover warning signs and create preventive plans.

The widespread adoption of IoT devices also makes it easier to monitor heart rate, blood pressure, etc. This can help in the early detection of diseases like hypertension, asthma, heart problems, etc.

Electronic medical records

Electronic medical records or EMRs help collect, digitalize patients’ information, and store it in a single place. EMRs store various types of medical data like medical history, prescriptions, drug allergies, etc. and allow doctors to make accurate disease prognosis in a much shorter time. Some other benefits of EMRs include – 

  • Effective medical decisions.
  • Easy data recovery.
  • Improved collaboration.
  • Portability.
  • Security of medical data.

Artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) has a big role to play in improving healthcare since growing digitization leads to the availability of a large amount of health data. AI has the potential to transform everyday health management in the following ways –

  • Improved accessibility of healthcare services (for example – the AI-based mobile app Ada is available across 140 countries and makes it possible for anyone to have access to medical guidance).
  • Improved efficiency.
  • Accurate disease diagnosis.
  • Improved insights to reveal early disease risks (for example – a popular app Verily can forecast noncontagious and hereditary genetic diseases).
  • Time and cost savings.

mHealth

Mobile health or mHealth refers to the monitoring and sharing of health data via mobile technology like health tracking apps or wearables. 

mHealth apps can prove to be beneficial in increasing patient engagement, providing health education, and offering remote consultations to patients. It can also use the data from wearable devices to improve the quality of care. Some other benefits of mHealth include – 

  • Faster access to physicians.
  • Improved medication adherence.
  • Remote patient monitoring.
  • Increased medication reconciliation accuracy.
  • Improved coordination between healthcare providers and patients.

Conclusion

It’s quite clear that COVID-19 has significantly impacted patient behaviour. There has been a growing preference for telehealth and mHealth apps. But all of this has also compelled healthcare organizations to put in more effort in adapting to these behavioural changes. Healthcare providers are opting to rely more on new technologies to continue delivering patient care. A more affordable standard of high-quality care is in the works for India’s digital health future.

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