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Top Javascript Frameworks and Trends in 2020

With a fast-growing MEAN stack for web and mobile applications, Javascript is becoming the first choice for developers. It is the favorite technology for most professional developers (71.5% in 2018 and 69.7% in 2019), according to the Stack Overflow survey report. Let’s now look at the emerging trends and Javascript applications that are shaping for 2020.

Javascript Trends 2020 Overview

All modern browsers support Javascript and that’s why over 10400 companies in the world use Javascript in their stacks, according to stackshare.io. Here’s an overview of rising Javascript trends for 2020.

  1. Booming TypeScript: It is a superset of Javascript and existing JS programs function smoothly on TypeScript.
  2. In 2018, Vue.JS surpassed React, but since 2019, React is getting back its momentum.
  3. Framework independent web components are growing rapidly.
  4. Developers are considering modular and reusable components.
  5. Angular 7 is on the rise with new interesting features.
  6. More focus on solution-driven APIs through GraphQL.

TypeScript is designed by Microsoft to expand Javascript capabilities. Developers love TypeScript because of fewer bugs, easy to read codes, and self-documentation feature. Visit Github for TypeScript resources.

Top Javascript Frameworks in 2020

Although we see growing traction for framework-agnostic components, the demand for simple and scalable frameworks is still intact. Let’s look at the top 3 frontend and backend JS Frameworks.

The Top 3 Javascript Frameworks for Frontend Development

#1 Angular 7

AngularJS is a Javascript-based, open-source frontend framework developed by Google. Since its release in 2010, there have been several releases to make AngularJS more user-friendly and effective for web development. Following are some of the exceptional features that make Angular 7 even more desirable.

  1. Styling with CSS, SCSS, LESS using ng new / ng add commands.
  2. Virtual scrolling is now possible with ScrollingModule.
  3. Sorting and moving elements between the list has become simpler with the new DragDropModule function.
  4. Using TypeScript, Angular 7 has updated and enhanced dependencies.

#2 React

Facebook introduced React in 2013 and it has been trending for the last four years. Although last year’s release did not include any major release (just minor bug fixes in React DOM and Is), it still boasts of its biggest knowledgebase, support, and community. The following are the reasons for the popularity of React among developers – 

  1. Native UI: HTML 5 UI comes with several compromises in terms of intuitive user experience. React brings forth a new and highly functional approach to constructing user interfaces. In other words, the application UI is simply the function of the current application state.
  2. Component-based approach: It allows building encapsulated components that can be assembled to make complex UIs.

Also read – What is React Native Framework: An In-depth Study

#3 Ionic

Ionic is a framework to build and deploy cross-platform (android, native iOS, web) apps. Developers prefer this framework especially because of its intuitive UI components. Apart from simple CLI, and impressive icons, the best features that Ionic delivers are – 

  1. Deeplinking – it allows loading a specific view on the app from a web link.
  2. AoT Compiling – to load apps at a lightning-fast speed.
  3. Live Reload – to compile and redeploy apps at every stage of development.

The Top 3 Javascript Frameworks for Backend Development

#1 Express 

Express is one of the four components of the rapidly growing MEAN stack (MongoDB, Express, AngularJS, and Node.js). Developers prefer this framework for building APIs and web applications because of its robustness and minimalism. There have been 7 releases to upgrade the performance of the Express framework and no doubt, it retains the position of trending javascript frameworks even for 2019-20.

Express is one of the oldest active Javascript framework since 2010 and is termed as a standard server framework for Node.js.

#2 Next.js

It is a small framework particularly for developing applications in React. Next.js allows developing complex applications with minimal coding. This year, React and Next.js are going hand-in-hand. The growing popularity of React is driving developers’ inclination towards using Next.js. Its key features are – 

  1. Allows building universal JS applications that are compatible with any server or device.
  2. Irrespective of the data source, server rendering is easier in Next.js.
  3. It has in-built styling but also works with every CSS-in-JS solution.

#3 Meteor

It is an open-source isomorphic (applications that run on both client and server) javascript framework. Meteor has grown exponentially since its release in 2012. Its key features are-

  1. Compact code: It has an integrated Javascript stack that allows writing compact codes. For instance, a 1000 lines of code can be written in just 10 lines in Meteor.
  2. Hot push: It allows new feature releases without app store approval or users having to download the native app again.
  3. Technology integration: It allows integrating popular frameworks and tools. Thus, utilizing the best features from other tech stacks/frameworks.

Special mention: GraphQL

GraphQL is a query language for APIs and provides a runtime environment for fulfilling queries. It is developed by Facebook and is a star performer in the Github community. Also, many developers believe — GraphQL can replace REST APIs very soon. 

GraphQL addresses the following data issues-

  1. It gets all the necessary data to the client via a single request to the server.
  2. The client can communicate in a universal query language. Thus, the server need not specify the structure and composition of the returned data.
  3. It follows a declarative approach of describing the data requirements for the interface. Here, the focus is more on “what” rather than “how” making the information retrieval process simpler.

What about Node.js?

Node.js is the most popular Javascript-based runtime environment for MEAN stack. One should not confuse it with frameworks. It allows developers to use Javascript on both front and backend. Its resourceful APIs make backend development easier. It is a great choice for developing real-time and collaborative applications to date.

Probably, you’ll be interested to know what has changed in Javascript technology over the past few years. Take a look at the past trends-

  1. Javascript Trends 2019
  2. Javascript Trends 2018
  3. Javascript Trends 2017

Bonus – Top trending React Libraries of 2019!

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MantraTalks Podcast with Parag Sharma: Delivering Digital-first Health Experiences for Patient Care in the New Normal

6 minutes read

The healthcare industry took the brunt of the Covid-19 pandemic from the very beginning. It was, and still is, a humongous task for hospitals to deal with the rising number of COVID patients as well as handling the regular consults. 

To delve deeper into the state of healthcare in the COVID times, we interviewed Parag Sharma, CEO, Mantra Labs Pvt Ltd. Parag shares his insights on how technology can help in delivering digital-first health experiences for patient care in the New Normal.

Parag is a product enthusiast and tinkerer at heart and has been at the forefront of developing innovative products especially in the field of AI. He also holds over ten years of experience working in the services line and has been instrumental in launching several startups in the Internet & Mobile space. His rich domain expertise and innovative leadership have helped Mantra climb to the top 100 innovative InsurTechs in the World – selected by FinTech Global. 

Catch the interview:  

Connect with Parag- LinkedIn

COVID-19 and Its impact on Healthcare Organizations

Considering the COVID situation, according to you how has COVID-19 impacted the IT & service operations among healthcare organizations?

Parag:  Since the onset of COVID-19, the healthcare sector has been deeply impacted. Institutions are facing a serious crunch in manpower. IT support systems which were usually manned and managed by a large team of IT professionals are not available in the same strength. Resource allocation’ is one of the biggest concerns due to physical and mental exhaustion of the healthcare workforce. 

Hospitals are facing issues such as operational disruption due to staff quarantine, supply-chain delays and sudden decline in patient footfalls, difficulty in sustaining fixed costs, etc. People are not comfortable getting out of the safety confinements of their homes due to the rising risk of getting infected with the virus. Hospitals will have to reassess their future strategy and budgets in light of the uncertain economic situation.

Preparing for the Future

What can hospitals do to ensure the continuity of their customer-facing operations in the wake of a second Pandemic wave?

Parag: There are many things that hospitals can do to manage themselves in this hour of crisis. Being more digital than what they are would be one step forward for all of them. They can bring their IT systems to the cloud so that the person can access data and manage their work remotely. They can enable their patients to book appointments and enquire about services through apps and chatbots which won’t require them to call the reception or come to the hospital. These are some of the services which hospitals can provide to their customers with minimum physical contact. 

Related: Manipal Hospital’s move to a self-service healthcare mobile application

Hospitals can extend Telehealth services to their patients. Recently, telehealth has proved to be useful especially when there is asymmetry between the number of patients and healthcare providers. I think it will be very useful for healthcare institutions to deploy telehealth solutions to provide medical facilities to people who have so far been outside the benefits of healthcare.

New Expectations in Health Experiences

Is consumer behavior defined by the ‘new normal’ going to change the way we access healthcare from this point on?

Parag: Yes, people will expect a completely different way to access healthcare services from now on. Hospitals should gear-up and rise to this occasion. The pandemic has also provided a new opportunity to adopt a completely different approach in the way healthcare is delivered. They always felt that medical care cannot be provided remotely but now this is happening and people are appreciating remote healthcare services. Hospitals and healthcare institutions are convinced that telehealth and remote care will be more successful soon.

Technology in Healthcare can Bridge Operational Gaps

What are the operational challenges, as far as digital capabilities go, that hospitals are facing currently? And, what steps must they take to bridge these gaps?

Parag: Operational challenges are not just digital challenges. But a lot of these challenges can be addressed with technology. For example, Electronic Health Records which hospitals manage within the premises can be moved to the cloud so that the person can access these records on the cloud itself and need not come to the hospital. 

Related: Medical Image Management: DICOM Images Sharing Process

Secondly, if you deploy telehealth and telemedicine solutions, irrespective of where your patients are or doctors are, hospitals can deliver the required care to its patients. You can even extend your diagnostics services to your patients by giving them an application through which they can seamlessly book appointments for consults, diagnostics, or pathological services and resolve their queries, etc. Simply by giving a seamless interface either through bots or applications can go a long way in providing better health experiences to the customers.

Role of Chatbots in Superior Customer Experiences

According to you, what role does chatbots powered by Artificial Intelligence have in the Healthcare CX landscape?

Parag: Chatbots are the simplest example of the implementation of AI-based technology in healthcare. There are a lot of things which bots can do simplistically. For example, if a patient wants to book an appointment with the doctors, instead of going through a complex web applications and interfaces, what if I can simply write “I want to book an appointment with the doctor Dr. XYZ at 4 pm” and the bot can figure out in case the time slot is available with that particular doctor, it will confirm the appointment followed by a payment process if the payment has to be made upfront. 

Apart from this, you can extend your bots to provide e-consultations where doctors can do remote consultations via audio and video features of a chatbot. So there is a huge scope for bots beyond answering routine queries by customers or booking appointments. It does not stop just there. You can extend chatbot functionalities to support functions such as admin, HR, finance, and business process efficiency so that they can provide better services to their customers.

Related: Healthcare Chatbots: Innovative, Efficient, and Low-cost Care

Chatbot Use Cases in Healthcare

Could you tell us some possible bot use cases for delivering better customer experiences to digital health users?

Parag: Apart from booking appointments and resolving customer queries, these bots can conduct remote consultations, internal processes, health symptom checker, out-patient video consultation, second opinion consultation, ordering medicines, psychological counseling & mental wellness, scenario-based risk advice, Heroism Recognition for employees, etc. Also, it can be further extended to help patients enquire about health insurance related queries, and all the interactions between insurance companies and hospitals can be provided to the patient. 

Related: Healthcare & Hospitals Use Cases | Digital Health

The Road Ahead

COVID-19 has forced hospitals to revise patient support strategy with limited operational staff that is bringing every day a new challenge. A way out is to heavily rely on digital innovation.

In India we have a disparity between the no. of healthcare providers and care seekers. Without technology, I don’t think there is any way healthcare institutions will be able to scale to a level where they can provide meaningful services to such a large number of people. Hospitals can invest in setting up an information exchange; making the process as seamless as possible; and removing all possible inefficiencies from the supply chain through technology.

Future growth for hospitals will come from digital technology because patients will opt more for digital platforms. And it is up to hospitals to catch up with the pace at which modern technology is developing. We, at Mantra Labs, have achieved several use cases including hospitals/diagnostic centers that are able to deliver superior health experiences.

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