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A Beginner’s Guide to Types of Testing in Swift

3 minutes, 33 seconds read

It’s very human to skip tests. But, while developing enterprise apps, testing is something that should never be compromised. If you don’t test, there will be no way to find out the application performance and determine user experiences.

Testing is a must! You might already know that you should write tests for your code and UI, but you might not know — how? I’ll walk you through types of tests that developers usually perform on Swift programming language in order to help you deliver a supreme-quality app to your user. 

Whether you’re building a new application or expanding the existing app, you might want to test it on the go. Testing in swift is as simple as building the app itself. (For your information, the Xcode also tests the application). All you need is test cases and an idea about where code usually goes wrong. 

But first, it’s necessary to find out what to test.

Developing an App? What to Test?

Start with the basics. You must write mandatory tests if you plan to expand the application.

Tests usually cover the following issues.

  1. Core functionality: Model classes and methods and their interactions with the controller
  2. The most common UI workflows
  3. Boundary conditions
  4. Bug fixes

Let’s take a quick look at the types of testing while developing an app in Swift.

#1 Unit testing using Xcode

It is a process of creating small functionality-based tests for a particular unit of code, which will eventually ensure that all other units will pass the test.

The Test navigator provides the easiest way to work with tests; you’ll use it to create test targets and run tests against your app.

#2 UI Testing 

UI testing is useful for testing interactions with the User interface. In UI testing, the developer needs to find the app’s UI objects through queries, synthesizing events. Tester has to then send the events to those objects. The API lets you examine the UI object’s properties and state which you can compare against the expected state.

#3 Performance Testing

A performance test uses a block of code that you want to evaluate. It is then run 10 times to collect the average execution time and the standard deviation for the runs. The average of these individual measurements (of the test run) are compared against the from a benchmark value to evaluate the success/failure of the project.

It’s very simple to write a performance test: You just place the code you want to measure into the closure of the measure().

Bonus – Code Coverage

The code coverage tool tells you about the parts of code that were actually executed during your tests. This way, you’ll know the parts of the app code that aren’t yet tested.

You can enable code coverage by editing the scheme’s Test action. Post this, check the Gather coverage for check box under the Options tab:

Code Coverage - Swift

Now:

  1. Run all tests (Command-U)
  2. Open the Report navigator (Command-9)
  3. Select Coverage under the top item in that list (image below):
Report Navigator

You can see the list of functions and closures in SearchViewController.swift by clicking the disclosure triangle:

Search View Controller

Scroll down to updateSearchResults(_:) to see that coverage is 87.9%.

Now:
Click the arrow button for this function to open the source file to the function. As you hover over the coverage annotations in the right sidebar, sections of code highlight green or red:

Code Coverage Annotations - Testing in Swift

The coverage annotations show how many times a test hits each code section. Sections that weren’t called are highlighted in red. This implies — the for-loop ran 3 times, but nothing in the error paths were executed.

You can also increase the coverage of this function by duplicating abbaData.json, then edit it so it causes the different errors. For example, change “results” to “result” for a test that hits print(“Results key not found in dictionary”).


We help enterprises mitigate technical & business risk by securing vulnerable blind spots. Check out our testing services.

For your specific requirements, please feel free to drop us a word at hello@mantralabsglobal.com


About the author:

Anand Nanavaty is a Software Engineer with Mantra Labs. He has been deeply involved in mobile app development for the company’s B2B clients. Apart from coding, testing and experimenting with different application development frameworks, Anand loves travelling, trekking, mountaineering, sports (especially cricket), watching movies and sometimes making short films. 

Further reading:

For in-depth understanding of testing in Swift, you can refer to — Writing Test Classes and Methods

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Retention playbook for Insurance firms in the backdrop of financial crises

4 minutes read

Belonging to one of the oldest industries in the world, Insurance companies have weathered multiple calamities over the years and have proven themselves to be resilient entities that can truly stand the test of time. Today, however, the industry faces some of its toughest trials yet. Technology has fundamentally changed what it means to be an insurer and the cumulative effects of the pandemic coupled with a weak global economic output have impacted the industry in ways both good and bad.

Chart, line chart

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Source: Deloitte Services LP Economic Analysis

For instance, the U.S market recorded a sharp dip in GDP in the wake of the pandemic and it was expected that the economy would bounce back bringing with it a resurgent demand for all products (including insurance) across the board. It must be noted that the outlook toward insurance products changed as a result of the pandemic. Life insurance products were no longer an afterthought, although profitability in this segment declined over the years. Property-and-Casualty (P&C) insurance, especially motor insurance, continued to be a strong driver, while health insurance proved to be the fastest-growing segment with robust demand from different geographies

Simultaneously, the insurance industry finds itself on the cusp of an industry-wide shift as technology is starting to play a greater role in core operations. In particular, technologies such as AI, AR, and VR are being deployed extensively to retain customers amidst this technological and economic upheaval.

Double down on digital

For insurance firms, IT budgets were almost exclusively dedicated to maintaining legacy systems, but with the rise of InsurTech, it is imperative that firms start dedicating more of their budgets towards developing advanced capabilities such as predictive analytics, AI-driven offerings, etc. Insurance has long been an industry that makes extensive use of complex statistical and mathematical models to guide pricing and product development strategies. By incorporating the latest technological advances with the rich data they have accumulated over the years, insurance firms are poised to emerge stronger and more competitive than ever.

Using AI to curate a bespoke customer experience

Insurance has always been a low-margin affair and success in the business is primarily a function of selling the right products to the right people and reducing churn as much as possible. This is particularly important as customer retention is normally conceived as an afterthought in most industries, as evidenced in the following chart.

Chart, sunburst chart

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        Source: econconusltancy.com

AI-powered tools (even with narrow capabilities) can do wonders for the insurance industry at large. When architected in the right manner, they can be used to automate a bulk of the standardized and automated processes that insurance companies have. AI can be used to automate and accelerate claims, assess homeowner policies via drones, and facilitate richer customer experiences through sophisticated chatbots. Such advances have a domino effect of increasing CSAT scores, boosting retention rates, reducing CACs, and ultimately improving profitability by as much as 95%.

Crafting immersive products through AR/VR

Customer retention is largely a function of how good a product is, and how effective it is in solving the customers’ pain points. In the face of increasing commodification, insurance companies that go the extra mile to make the buying process more immersive and engaging can gain a definite edge over competitors.

Globally, companies are flocking to implement AR/VR into their customer engagement strategies as it allows them to better several aspects of the customer journey in one fell swoop. Relationship building, product visualization, and highly personalized products are some of the benefits that AR/VR confers to its wielders.  

By honoring the customer sentiments of today and applying a slick AR/VR-powered veneer over its existing product layer, insurance companies can cater to a younger audience (Gen Z) by educating them about insurance products and tailoring digital delivery experiences. This could pay off in the long run by building a large customer base that could be retained and served for a much longer period.

The way forward

The Insurance industry is undergoing a shift of tectonic proportions as an older generation makes way for a new and younger one that has little to no perceptions about the industry. By investing in next-generation technologies such as AR/VR, firms can build new products to capture this new market and catapult themselves to leadership positions simply by way of keeping up with the times.

We have already seen how AR is a potential game-changer for the insurance industry. It is only a matter of time before it becomes commonplace.

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